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April 23rd, 2021

Malpositioned teeth explained: The causes and complications

Malposition of teeth is defined as “the altered positioning of one or more teeth in a well-aligned jaw”. The malposition of teeth can also lead to other dental conditions, diseases, and overall health complications. The good news is, malpositioned teeth treatment is available and offered by Fort McMurray orthodontists. It’s important to be aware of the challenges of malpositioned teeth and why treatment is necessary.

Malpositioned teeth explained

Malpositioned teeth explained

What causes malpositioned teeth?

Despite the jaw being in the correct position, malpositioned teeth occur for a number of reasons:

  • An excess amount of teeth
  • Oral cysts (a round sack of clear fluid that develops in the gums)
  • Odontomes (a benign tumour linked to teeth development)
  • Trauma or injury
  • Ectopic tooth germ
  • Localized bony pathologies

Malpositioned teeth treatment

Fort McMurray orthodontists approach the treatment of malpositioned teeth depending on the severity of the condition. They need to examine the availability of space in the mouth, the eruption path of the malpositioned tooth/teeth and others surrounding it, and the availability of bone architecture. The type of treatment will also depend on the patient’s compliance as, ultimately, the final decision is in the client’s hands.

Again, treatment greatly depends on individual cases. Some of the most common include:

  • Removal of teeth if there is overcrowding present
  • Braces or retainers to align teeth
  • Reshaping or bonding teeth

If left untreated, malpositioned teeth can lead to:

  • Loss of space and overcrowding
  • Gum recession
  • Erosion of the protective enamel of other teeth in contact
  • Deviation of the jaw
  • TMJ symptoms
  • Tooth decay

The complications of malpositioned teeth

Patients with malpositioned teeth report that brushing and flossing in-between the affected teeth is a challenge. This difficulty in maintaining proper hygiene makes the condition subject to a unique set of periodontal conditions. Additionally, malpositioned teeth come with a specific bacterial flora that increases the risk and severity of inflammation. This makes the progression of periodontal disease quicker, which can lead to other serious health conditions.

To emphasize this difference in bacterial flora, gingivitis (a form of gum disease) is classified into two areas: one for straight and another for malpositioned teeth. Orthodontists use these categories to efficiently identify bacterial flora and determine an effective course of action for treating malpositioned teeth.

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